Vehicles have got a number of camera sensors both outside and inside. These cameras are for assisting the driver in driving, they are put to use for human vision or machine vision. With numerous cameras already in place, there is a necessity for utilizing them for both machine vision along with human vision, this calls for the requirement for dedicated imaging algorithms working with the raw video feed from the camera making them a suitable for the application.

With safety being a top priority of new car buyer’s acceptance of the camera for the driver-assist system is rapidly on the rise.

Regulations also direct numerous safety features for drivers and also for the people, who are walking on the roads with several such features making use of the camera as the main sensor.

First, these are the cameras used in automotive industry, mainly as a part of ADAS
Overall, due to its applications cameras are divided into stereo and monocular, the same is appropriate for automotive also.


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Monocular cameras for ADAS: These are normal camera modules with their main function being monitoring, in automotive ADAS these are used in BSD, Park assists, Surround-view, etc. The advantage of monocular cameras are they are portable, easy to fix and calibrate. Though main disadvantage is object discovery is not as effective for the liking of each and every driver.

Exterior Camera Imaging Algorithms
Some extreme conditions that cameras are outside the car are weather conditions for example rain, sunlight, and other lighting conditions produced as a result of change in the environment.

Image Signal Processing
Camera modules provide raw info to the automotive ECU; though, this cannot be put to use for making decisions. As explained, this is organized by utilizing an ISP which helps convert this raw image to a superior image. ISPs perform a number of activities for this conversion, for example reduction of the noise, lens shading gamma alteration, and more.

It is due to the fact that there are additional security features in the vehicles, the demand for automotive camera modules will continue to increase in the years to come, all over the world.